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Television can be used as an educational element for children since it simultaneously uses different ways of offering information, stimulates sight and hearing at the same time, it can be somewhat participatory, if we have the opportunity to speak as a family about what we are seeing, and finally, it offers messages and insights quickly.
There are some programs with a high educational content and that are very useful for children because they allow them to expand their knowledge while entertaining, such as quizzes, documentaries and certain programs that help develop skills or transmit positive values. The key is to select what we want our children to see without turning on the television, simply because we have just entered the house.
And it is that television cannot supplant family life. The resource of turning on the television should not only focus on filling a void and it is an important mission of parents to teach our children to use this device correctly: selecting programs, talking to them about the effect of advertising resources, offering them alternatives and detecting possible detrimental effects on our children.
In 1996, the General Assembly proclaimed on November 21 World Television Day, in commemoration of the date of the First World Television Forum at the United Nations in 1996. States were invited to observe World Television Day by promoting global exchanges of television programs focusing on issues such as peace, security, economic and social development and the promotion of cultural exchange.
The effect that this device can have on children or adolescents depends on the correct use made of it, mainly on the content of the programs and the time spent watching television. The contents have effects of influence and persuasion in the short term in children, while in the long term the effects are mainly directed to the cognitive area. The child learns largely by imitating the people who are most interesting or attractive to him. These people can be the parents themselves or other characters that are within reach. Therefore, these models can have important consequences for their future behavior.
On the other hand, during adolescence the person's reflective capacity develops, and television is not the most appropriate medium for this. However, one of the factors that influences the detrimental effect of television on children is the excessive time that is spent on it. Some statistics describe up to an average of three to four hours a day of television exposure in children, that is, considering that they spend about eight hours at school, we must assume a close competition between both sources of information. In addition to the fact that the abusive use of television does not promote the ability to think about children and adolescents, it increases the risk that they will watch programs in a time slot typical of adults. In this sense, it would be necessary to determine to what extent that strip intended for children is respected.
Marisol New. Editor of our site
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