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Dehydration in children and babies occurs when there is a lack of fluids in the body, which are necessary for it to carry out its functions at an optimal level. Babies and young children are most at risk for it. The first symptoms that warn about possible dehydration are vomiting, diarrhea, sweating, sunken eyes, tongue and dry mucous membranes ...
Dehydration can occur in situations of vomiting, diarrhea, excess loss of fluid through the urine, profuse sweating or fever, due to stomatitis or pharyngitis. Dehydration can also occur due to acute illness with loss of appetite. In infants it is visible by the fontanelles, which sag, and the lack of elasticity in the skin when pinching a fold of the abdomen.
Losses of up to 5 percent of body fluid are considered mild; up to 10 percent, moderate; and until 15 percent, severe. Dehydration, in severe cases, can lead to "shock" and death.
To combat dehydration it is necessary to replace fluids with the oral intake of liquids and mineral salts, through serums or commercial preparations or homemade lemonades.
The latter, the 'alkaline lemonade' is prepared by dissolving the juice of 2 lemons, a tablespoon of baking soda and sugar to taste in 1 liter of water. Electrolyte solutions or popsicles are very effective and are available at drugstores.
It is not recommended to use sports drinks because they contain a lot of sugar and can cause or worsen diarrhea. Likewise, the use of water as the first source of fluid replacement in infants and children should be avoided.
Drinking fluids is generally sufficient when we are dealing with mild dehydration. It is better to give small amounts of liquid frequently, using a spoon or syringe, rather than forcing the baby or child to drink a large amount of liquid at one time, as this can lead to more vomiting. If the condition is severe, fluid replacement will be intravenous.
Even when the baby and child are in good health, they should drink plenty of fluids every day and more when the weather is hot and hot or you are exercising.
It is important to carefully monitor any sick person, especially a baby and child, and if a dehydration process is suspected, look for medical assistance before the person develops moderate or severe dehydration.
Likewise, the fluid replacement as soon as vomiting and diarrhea begin and do not wait for signs of dehydration to appear.
The person should always be encouraged to consume fluids during the course of an illness and remember that fluid needs are greater when the person has a fever, vomiting, or diarrhea.
The easiest signs to watch for are urinary output (there should be wet diapers or frequent trips to the bathroom), saliva in the mouth, and tears when crying.
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