How to explain to children what synonyms and antonyms are

How to explain to children what synonyms and antonyms are

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Synonyms and antonyms are opposite concepts. Many children have a hard time understanding this. Nothing better than to use a simple example so that they learn to differentiate them and understand what it means.

Here are some games that you can use with your children to review synonyms and antonyms at home.

Synonyms are words that have the same or very similar meaning. Thus we will say that happy and cheerful have the same meaning, therefore they are synonymous. It means the same:

I am happy.

I'm glad.

We walked home.

We walked home.

I wait for my husband.

I wait for my husband.

The synonym is a resource widely used by writers since it is a way to avoid being repetitive. I leave you an example:

She had a beautiful little nose, a beautiful blonde hair, and a beautiful smile.

Here we see that the words, precious, beautiful and beautiful are in the same sentence and mean the same thing, but they are not repeated.

Antonyms are words that have the opposite meaning. For example:

The child is dressed.

The child is naked.

I'm very happy.

I'm very sad.

Go down the mountain.

Climb the mountain.

That is why we will say that they are words that mean exactly the opposite.

As so many times we will resort to games so that children learn naturally and the concept remains clear in their memory.

The idea is that they learn while having fun, so this time we will make use of the famous emoticons.

1. SYNONYMS: We can explain to children that just like emoticons they have different faces and can show the same emotions, so there are words that are written differently but can have the same meaning.

ANTONYMOUS: Antonyms, as we have said before, are words with opposite meaning.

To see if you have understood the concept, we can choose several emoticons that show joy and the same number that show sadness. We will ask the children to form pairs at random and then we will play to discover if they are synonyms or antonyms.

We can also do exercises like:

1. Join the synonyms by means of arrows:

happy dance

want to jump

dance happily

jump love

peace and tranquility

(They would have to combine jumping with jumping, peace with tranquility ...).

2. Join the antonyms by means of arrows:

love bad

nice white

good undress

nigga hate

dress ugly

(They would have to match black with white, pretty with ugly ...).

3. With rhymes we can play fill in the gaps with the corresponding synonyms and antonyms. There will be several solutions.

I leave you these verses:

(Verses for synonyms)

Happy is ... (happy)

the one to dance is ... (to dance)

the one to choose ... (to choose)

the same is wanting that ... (loving)

Peace of mind is ... (calm)

to be calm is to have ... (peace)

the one with the lie ... (lie)

and say never is ... (never)

(Verses for antonyms)

The one in nude is ... (dressed)

going up is ... (going down)

the enemy is ... (friend)

to keep quiet is ... (to speak)

The one with silence is the (noise)

to want is ... (to despise)

the night is the ... (day)

laughing is ... (crying)

Marisa Alonso Santamaría

Poet specialized in children

You can read more articles similar to How to explain to children what synonyms and antonyms are, in the On-site Learning category.

Video: Antonyms and Synonyms (July 2022).


  1. Donnie

    What in particular would you like to say?

  2. Denby

    Sorry for not being able to take part in the discussion right now - I'm very busy. But I'll be free - I will definitely write what I think on this issue.

  3. Khristian

    It is interesting. Please tell me - where can I read about this?

  4. Norwood

    I better just keep quiet

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