Fine motor skills in babies

Fine motor skills in babies

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Fine motor skills is the coordination of movements of different parts of the body with precision. It requires a high level of coordination on the part of babies, since the movements made by one or more parts of the body do not have amplitude but are precision movements.

Babies acquire fine motor skills on their own as they grow and gain maturity, but they can also be helped to advance in their learning by working with various activities, continuing with more complex and delimited goals.

Fine motor skills develop progressively. From 2 to 4 months, hand-eye coordination begins. At approximately 5 months, what is known as 'the foundations of motor skills' begins, which is when the child takes objects with their hands.

Thus, following this line of learning, the child gradually begins to coordinate until reaching school age. However, some authors consider that fine motor skills begin around one and a half years of age, when the child, without any learning, begins to smear a paper with pencils or begins to put balls or any small object in some boat, bottle or hole.

Fine motor skills involve a high level of maturation and long learning for the full acquisition of each of its aspects, since there are different levels of difficulty and precision. In order for the child to achieve fine motor coordination skills, a cyclical process must be completed.

This process begins spontaneously when the child begins to perform a task because he feels capable. Generally, one starts from a very simple level and then continues over the years with more complex and delimited goals in which the requirement of the objectives is determined by age.

Drawing, painting, coloring, cutting out, modeling or molding dough, threading, solving mazes or completing the figure by following the dots are some of the activities that will help children to develop their fine motor skills.

The aspects of fine motor skills that can be worked more on both at school and educational level in general are:
- Visual-manual coordination
- Facial motor skills
- Phonetic motor skills
- Gesture motor skills

The development of these activities is motivating for the child. Fine motor skills are closely linked to the development of intelligence and to achieve motivation, we must not forget to encourage their achievements with applause and joy.

Marisol New.

You can read more articles similar to Fine motor skills in babies, in the category of on-site psychomotor skills.

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